Data: Sexta, 16 de Setembro de 2011 às 08:00
Duração: 1 Hora
Scientific illustrations – call for participants and papers
The Centre de Recherches Texte/Image/Langage at the University of Burgundy (Language and Communication) is planning a three-to-four-year programme of seminars on illustrations in science. The programme, scheduled from 2012 to 2015, will focus on exploring as exhaustively as possible the relations between scientific texts and their illustrations. Our aim is to reflect on the theories underlying these relations, in order to clearly define both the criteria of scientific illustrations and the part played by illustrations in scientific progress. By its very nature, the subject inevitably presupposes a post-fifteenth century Western bias, but the programme is not exclusive and is open to alternative approaches.
The programme involves the study of scientific development, alongside the development of illustrative techniques. Studies focusing on specific disciplines (illustrations in medicine, physics, biology, etc) are as welcome as those with a chronological approach (illustrations during the Renaissance, the Enlightenment, etc), often involving the crossing of boundaries into other genres of images.
The seminars will be organised in group sessions devoted to the following themes (the list is provisional and may be extended):
* the objectives of scientific illustrations. To what extent does the illustration’s educational function in the dissemination and popularisation of science conflict with, or alternatively, complement, its epistemic role and its value in furthering scientific knowledge?
* scientists, illustrators, and scientist-illustrators. Some scientists illustrate their work themselves; others use professional illustrators with no scientific training. Is the distinction significant? Papers focusing on the latest developments in the techniques of scientific illustration will be particularly welcome, as will contributions from illustrators themselves.
* evaluating scientific illustration. Do some sciences defy illustration? How do you illustrate an experiment? What does the reader of a scientific text expect from the illustrations? Can the illustration be more informative than the text it illustrates?
Among the many questions raised by this subject, some jump to mind with a particular immediacy: what happens when the microscope and telescope replace the naked eye? How have anatomical plates and terrestrial cartography evolved as science has advanced? To what extent do so-called “scientifically objective” images reflect the ideology, prejudices and cultural fixations of a particular age?
The exchanges between historians of science and specialists of the image on all these topics should, we hope, be productive and profitable. Most of the seminars will take place on the University Campus in Dijon, France (exceptionally special locations may be involved). A publication incorporating the contributions is planned. The first seminar is scheduled provisionally for the end of 2011 or the beginning of 2012. The working languages will be English and French.
UNIVERSITY OF BURGUNDY- Centre INTERLANGUEs texte/IMAGE/langage
Scientific Illustration – seminars 2011-2012
Seminars will take place on Fridays – precise location and time to be confirmed
NOVEMBER 25th 2011 : conférence introductive
Valérie Chansigaud “Cinq siècles d'illustrations naturalistes, entre tradition et évolution”
Après avoir étudié durant son doctorat en sciences de l'environnement la place des invertébrés dans les représentations culturelles et la construction des savoirs, elle explore aujourd'hui l'histoire de la découverte de la biodiversité et l'origine de sa protection. Par ailleurs, elle s'intéresse à la façon dont les connaissances naturalistes sont transmises, par exemple à l'aide des nouvelles technologies participatives.
Richard Somerset (
Richard Somerset teaches at the University of Nancy 2, and specializes in the relations between science and literature, and more generally the history of ideas in the 19th century.
Marie-Odile Bernez (
Her studies focus on eighteenth-century
Stephen Boyd Davis (
Eric Kindel (Reading) “Recording knowledge: Christiaan Huygens and the invention of stencil duplicating”
Eric Kindel is a designer, writer and Senior Lecturer in the Department of Typography & Graphic Communication,
Maria Rentetzi (
Maria Rentetzi is assistant professor at the
Sigrid Leyssen (
Sigrid Leyssen studied philosophy and film studies in Leuven, Belgium and Cambridge,
Alix Cooper (Stony Brook) “Picturing Nature: Gender and the Politics of Description in Eighteenth-Century Natural History”
Alix Cooper is Associate Professor of History at the State University of New York at Stony Brook in the United States, where she teaches European history, the history of science and medicine, women's and gender history, and environmental history. Her book Inventing the Indigenous: Local Knowledge and Natural History in Early Modern Europe was published in 2007 by
Valérie Morrisson (Dijon) “Photographic portraits in anthropological and ethnological British journals 1860-1900”
Valérie Morisson, Maître de Conférences en anglais à l’Université de Bourgogne, Dijon, est l’auteure d’une thèse portant sur l’art irlandais contemporain et ses rapports à l’identité nationale. Elle a publié plusieurs articles relatifs à l’histoire culturelle irlandaise explorant, dans une perspective ethnosymboliste, les liens unissant l’art au champ du politique et l’évolution du nationalisme culturel en Irlande au cours des XXe et XXIe siècles. Elle s’intéresse également aux représentations visuelles des irlandais par les Anglais aux XIXe et XXe siècles.